All about beer

Typically, beer will have a gravity between ~1.040 to 1.090 before fermentation, and end between 1.010 to 1.020 after fermentation. Often, dry ciders, wines, and meads will have a final gravity less than 1.000.

Original gravity (abbreviated OG) is a measure of the fermentable and un-fermentable substances in a beer wort before fermentation. Those substances are often the sugars that will be converted to alcohol during the fermentation process. OG gives the brewer an idea of the potential alcohol content in the final product.

For example, for a typical strength beer , OG could be 1.050 and FG could be 1.010. Several different scales have been used for measuring the original gravity .

Gravity readings are typically taken before pitching the yeast and after visible signs of fermentation have ceased. It is generally not recommended to take more samples than necessary because each time the fermenter is opened to draw out wort, you are introducing the risk for contamination.

To put it another way, the specific density of water would be 1.000. Ideally, urine specific gravity results will fall between 1.002 and 1.030 if your kidneys are functioning normally. Specific gravity results above 1.010 can indicate mild dehydration. The higher the number, the more dehydrated you may be.

If the gravity is too high , dilute it by adding boiled or sterile water: This time we’ll assume our target was 1.056 but we overshot and came in with a gravity of 1.064, again using a 5 gallon batch. We’ll use the fact that the number of points times volume should be a constant to do the dilution.

original gravity

Formula for Calculating Alcohol in Beer Subtract the Original Gravity from the Final Gravity. Multiply this number by 131.25. The resulting number is your alcohol percent, or ABV %

You can estimate the approximate finishing gravity of a beer by taking into account the attenuation rate of the yeast strain you are using. For example if you have a yeast with a 75% attenuation rate and your original gravity is 1.050 the estimated final gravity would be about 1.012.

A high gravity wort is typically considered in the range of 14°–17°Plato and will result in a beer of 6%– 8% ABV. A very high gravity wort has a solids content greater than 17°Plato and will usually have an alcohol content greater than 8% .

“High-gravity” refers to brewing a beer with high original gravity ( OG )—typically, above 1.075 OG is considered high.

The formula for specific gravity , given that the reference substance is water, is the density of the object divided by the density of the water. Here, we use the Greek symbol Rho to indicate density.

Yes, there is, but only if you have both a refractometer and a hydrometer handy. You need both the final gravity from the hydrometer, and the brix value from the refractometer. If you have both of these values, you can determine the ABV without knowing the original gravity using a calculator .

It really comes down to a simple 4-step process: Retrieve Sample & Insert Hydrometer. You will need to take your first measurement after the cool down, prior to pitching the yeast. Obtain the Original Gravity Reading . Calculate with Temperature. Repeat to Obtain Final Gravity Reading . Careful, Don’t Overdo It.

So, to check if your hydrometer accurately measures the specific gravity of water, simply float it in pure water (distilled or reverse osmosis water) at the correct temperature. Spin the hydrometer to dislodge any bubbles that may be clinging to it and bring the test jar up to eye level.

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